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The Atlantic Charter Agreement

18 Dec Posted by in Uncategorized | Comments
The Atlantic Charter Agreement

While the issues raised in the Charter had been agreed upon by the signatories and others, they were growing in number than expected. On the one hand, they contained phrases of national self-determination which Churchill knew could harm his British allies; On the other hand, they did not contain a formal explanation of the American commitment to war. The Atlantic Charter set goals for the post-war world and inspired many of the international agreements that subsequently marked the world. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the independence of European colonies after the war and many other key policies stem from the Atlantic Charter. The Atlantic Charter was created to show solidarity between the United States and the United Kingdom in the face of German aggression. It improved morality and was turned into leaflets dropped on the occupied territories. The eight main points of the Charter were very simple: the British threw millions of leaflets over Germany to allay fears of a punitive peace that would destroy the German state. The text cited the Charter as a decisive statement of the joint commitment of Britain and the United States to “not allow economic discrimination against the vanquished” and promised that “Germany and other states will be able to regain lasting peace and prosperity.” [18] Many of the Charter`s ideas came from an ideology of Anglo-American internationalism that sought British and American cooperation for international security. [3] Roosevelt`s attempts to attach Britain to concrete war objectives and Churchill`s desperation to engage it in the war effort helped provide the motivations for the meeting that produced the Atlantic Charter.

At the time, it was thought that Britain and America would play an equal role in any post-war international organization based on the principles of the Atlantic Charter. [4] The Americans insisted that the Charter recognize that the war was fought to ensure self-determination. [22] The British were forced to accept these objectives, but in a speech in September 1941 Churchill declared that the Charter should apply only to states under German occupation, much less to states that were part of the British Empire. [23] The Atlantic Charter set goals for the post-war world and inspired many of the international agreements that subsequently marked the world, particularly the United Nations. The Axis powers, especially Japan, have interpreted diplomatic agreements as a possible alliance against them. In Tokyo, the Atlantic Charter garnered military support within the Japanese government, which insisted on a more aggressive approach against the United States and Britain. [Citation required] Although the Charter was not in favour of American participation in World War II, it was a courageous step by Britain and the United States. The Atlantic Charter was not a formal treaty; instead, it was a common statement of ethics and intent. According to the United Nations, its goal was “to be a message of hope for the occupied countries and it has kept the promise of a global organization based on the persistent truths of international morality.” The treaty was successful: it provided moral support to the Allied forces, while sending a powerful message to the Axis powers.

 

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