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Wto Agreement On Agriculture Article 5

16 Apr Posted by in Uncategorized | Comments
Wto Agreement On Agriculture Article 5

Here too, as with other aspects of the agreement, specific implementation arrangements have often been integrated, so that commitments are binding only to the extent that they are included in national plans. At the same time, it appears that the agreement focuses mainly on domestic policy in industrialized countries, where export subsidies have often been widely used and where national agricultural policy is often geared towards subsidizing agricultural production. On the other hand, the sum of political interventions in many developing countries leads to taxation of the sector, particularly the export-producing subsector. Unlike the commitments to reduce subsidies, there is no provision in the agreement that requires countries to reduce the volume of taxes. The requirement to convert NB into tariff equivalents applies to all Member States, including developing and least developed countries. Under this tariff procedure, NB`s average protection rate is converted to customs equivalent during the reference period (1986-88), which establishes a base rate for each product covered by the agreement. These agreements provide some flexibility in implementation by developing countries as well as for WTO members (special and differentiated treatment) and least developed countries (LDCs) and net food-importing developing countries (special provisions). The CAP is also affected by land concessions granted to several multilateral and bilateral agreements under several multilateral and bilateral agreements, as well as unilateral exemptions granted under the Generalized Preference System (GSP). These preferential agreements explain the high level of EU agricultural imports from developing countries (3.2.10, Table VI).

For developing countries that subsidize exports, the Uruguay Round Agreement provides for a commitment to meet specific binding commitments in each of the following areas: market access; Domestic assistance Export competition and reach agreement on health and plant health issues; Measures in this section include programs that provide services or benefits to agriculture or the rural community, but do not involve direct payments to producers or processors. Noting, among other things, that commitments made under the reform programme should be taken into account among all members, taking into account non-trade issues, including food security and the need to protect the environment; Recalling the agreement that the special and differentiated treatment of developing countries is an integral part of the negotiations and given the negative effects that the implementation of the reform programme could have on the least developed developing countries and net food-importing developing countries, these rules are different from minimum access rules.

 

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